Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Volume 57 Supplementary Issue 1
Rainfall simulation with small scale simulators is a method used worldwide to assess the generation of overland flow, soil erosion, infiltration and interrelated processes such as soil sealing, crusting, splash and redistribution of solids and solutes. The so produced data are of great significance not only for the analysis of the simulated processes, but also as a source of input-data for soil erosion modelling. The reliability of the produced data therefore is of paramount importance, and quality management of rainfall simulation procedure a general responsibility of the rainfall simulation-community. This was accepted within the “International Rainfall Simulator Workshop 2011” at Trier University.
The first paper reports constraints, needs and challenges for a future use of small scale simulators in soil erosion research, discussed and defined with the workshop participants. The second paper presents an experiment with seven different rainfall simulators from Germany, Spain, Switzerland and the Netherlands on a prepared field in Trier to determine the influence of rainfall simulator type and plot dimensions on runoff and erosion. Additionally, 10 papers from participants were selected to give a general overview of research currently carried out with small scale simulators in various research fields including new important topics like in situ simulations of “wind-driven rain” and “rain on snow events”.
The challenges of the present and near future use of small scale rainfall simulations concern the comparability of results and scales, the quality of the data for soil erosion modelling, and further technical developments to overcome physical limitations and constraints. The maybe most important step to a modern quality management is already realised: the initiation of a collaborative community of competent scientists of 11 countries that participated in this project. With this large community further initiatives towards a standardisation of rainfall simulation and simulators can be discussed and coordinated.
You can find the special issue here: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/schweiz/zfgs/2013/00000057/00000001.
Table of contents
- Rainfall simulations – constraints, needs and challenges for a future use in soil erosion research. Ries, J.B.; Iserloh, T.; Seeger, M.; Gabriels, D.
- Comparative measurements with seven rainfall simulators on uniform bare fallow land. Iserloh, T.; Ries, J.B.; Cerdà, A.; Echeverría, M.T.; Fister, W.; Geißler, C.; Kuhn, N.J.; León, F.J.; Peters, P.; Schindewolf, M.; Schmidt, J.; Scholten, T.; Seeger, M.
- Effectiveness of wood chips cover at reducing erosion in two contrasted burnt soils. León, J.; Echeverría, M.T.; Badía, D.; Martí, C.; Álvarez, C.J.
- Experimental investigation of soil ecohydrology on rocky desert slopes in the Negev Highlands, Israel. Hikel, Harald; Yair, Aaron; Schwanghart, Wolfgang; Hoffmann, Ulrike; Straehl, Sarah; Kuhn, Nikolaus J.
- Infiltration rates affected by land levelling measures in the Souss valley, South Morocco. Peter, K.D.; Ries, J.B.
- A portable simulator for investigating rain-on-snow events. Juras, R.; Pavlásek, J.; Děd, P.; Tomášek, V.; Máca, P.
- Rainfall simulator experiments on the importance o of when rainfall burst occurs during storm events on runoff and soil loss. de Lima, João L.M.P.; Carvalho, Sílvia C.P.; P. de Lima, M. Isabel
- Influence of biochar and terra preta substrates on wettability and erodibility of soils. Smetanová, Anna; Dotterweich, Markus; Diehl, Dörte; Ulrich, Uta; Dotterweich, Nicola Fohrer
- Soil structure and herbicide transport on soil surfaces during intermittent artificial rainfall. Ulrich, Uta; Zeiger, Marcus; Fohrer, Nicola
- Modeling Soil Erosion and resulting Sediment Transport into Surface Water Courses on Regional Scale. Schindewolf, Marcus; Schmidt, Jürgen; von Werner, Michael
- The study of rooftop connectivity on the rainfall-runoff process by means of a rainfall simulator and a physical model. Isidoro, Jorge M.G.P.; de Lima, João L.M.P.; Leandro, Jorge
- The role of wind-driven rain for soil erosion – an experimental approach.
- Iserloh, T.; Fister, W.; Marzen, M.; Seeger, M.; Kuhn, N.J.; Ries, J.B.